Globally cancer is a disease which severely effects the human population. There is a constant demand for new therapies to treat and prevent this life threatening disease. Scientific and research interest is drawing its attention towards naturally derived compounds as they are considered to have less toxic side effects compared to current treatments such as chemo therapy. The plant kingdom produces naturally occurring secondary metabolites which are being investigated for their anti cancer activities leading to the development of new clinical drugs.
New technologies including nano- particles for nano-medicines which aim to enhance anticancer activities of plant derived drugs by controlling the release of the compound and investigating new methods for administration. This review lists out the various naturally derived compounds from medicinal plants, their active constituents and their properties along with the mechanism of action of the compounds.
Key Words: Cancer, clinical, nanoparticles, plants, active constituents