This study was performed to asses and establishes the prevalence of polypharmacy in geriatric population at Relief Hospital Malppuram, Kerala, on June 2011 to February 2012. Demographic analysis of this prospective study revealed the 508 patients, 290 (57.08%) were male and 218 (42.9%) were female maximum patients were in the age group of 55-59 (29.72%) range led to a significant increase in the number of medications.
the most common diagnoses was Cardiovascular system disorders in 169 (33.26 %) patients, and Endocrine disorder ( DM Mellitus) in 132(25.98 %) patients followed by Respiratory system disorders in 75 (14.76 %) patients, The Co morbidity Disease which express, 35 patients (6.89%) of the patients suffer by DM , Hypertension with Hyperlipididimia and 33(6.50%) patients were suffer by Hyperlipididimia with Hypertension.
The number of drugs prescribed on admission 6-10 drugs received by 130 (25.59 %) patients followed by 82 (16.14%) patients received 11-15 drugs on admission, The most frequently used drugs on admission is Pantoprazole for 189(37.20%) patients, followed by Cefixime+Tazobactam for 52 (10.23%) patients, Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs on Discharge is Clopidogrel 67(13.18 %) patients.
Relationship between Polypharmacy and Age shows that polypharmacy occur in 73 (14.37%)) patients in age group of 55-59, followed by 63 (12.40%)) patients in age group 60-64. 19 (3.74%), Patients receiving Unnecessary Drug therapy in our study, possible drug interaction may occur for 63(12.40%) patients and Therapeutic Duplication occur in 50 (9.84%) patients. Polypharmacy can be solved by selection of appropriate medications by following proper therapeutic guidelines.
Keywords; Polypharmacy, Geriatric, DM, Hyperlipididimia