Publication Ethics

Author Misconduct

All the instances of author misconduct such as plagiarism, self-plagiarism, or data/image reuse, manipulation, or false information will be checked and could result in rejection of the manuscript or retraction of the published article. The corresponding author’s institute and funding agency can be notified in such type of instances.


Animal Studies

IJAPBR is fervent supporters of the most humane treatment of animals in the conduct of scientific studies, and it is expected that investigators will adhere to widely accepted International standards such as ; The U.S. Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Only those manuscripts that describe ethically conducted animal experiments will be considered and published, and the IJAPBR reserves the right to reject manuscripts that do not follow accepted standards.

In describing any experiments that entail the use of animals, authors must assure that the studies in question have been approved by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee or other appropriate review board. This information must be included in the main manuscript; it is not adequate to confirm approval in the supplementary data.

Human Studies

IJAPBR advocate the principles manifested in the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki and expect that all investigations involving humans will have been performed in accordance with these principles. Most important; manuscripts reporting human experimentation must include a statement that the human investigations were performed after approval by an institutional review board and in accordance with an assurance filed with and approved by the related Department of Health and Human Services, where appropriate. Also, manuscripts reporting biomedical research involving human subjects must include a statement that informed consent was obtained from each subject or each subject's guardian.


Clinical Trials

IJAPBR follows the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of clinical trials for all trials that began enrolment on or after January 1, 2009. This definition states that a clinical trial is "any research study that prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes."