Evaluation of the chemical constituents of Ocimum bacilicum (locally known as Mashmoom) adopted to grow in the desert environment of the Gulf region is limited. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the complete composition of phytochemical compounds present in this plant. Both methanolic and aqueous extracts of Ocimum basilicum grown in Qatar were prepared and tested for various phytochemical present in these extracts using qualitative tests. The analysis revealed the presences of glycosides, tannins, terpenoids, phenols, and phlobatatannins in both extracts.
In addition, the methanolic extracts also contained alkaloids, flavonoids, saponinsand anthraquinones. On the other hand, neither extracts contained proteins or anthrocyanins. Qualitative tests reveal the presence of various phytochemicals (listed above). The methanolic extracts, in particular, reveal the presence of possibly new or modified anthraquinones and it may be unique to Ocimum basilicum grown in Qatar.
Key words: Ocimum basilicum (Basil), Mashmoom, Natural products, Isolation and qualitative analysis.