Probiotic supplements transform the intestinal microbial flora and recommend assure as a sensible means of enhancing gut and immune function. The intestinal microbial flora consists of diverse bacterial species that dwell in the gastrointestinal tract. These bacteria are integral to the ontogeny and regulation of the immune system, protection of the body from infection, and maintenance of intestinal homeostasis. The interaction of the gut microbial flora with intestinal epithelial cells and immune cells exerts beneficial effects on the upper respiratory tract, skin and uro-genital tract.
The competence for probiotics to adjust perturbations in immune function after exercise highlight their impending for use in individuals exposed to high degrees of physical and environment stress. Probiotic bacteria have become progressively more popular during the last two decades as a outcome of the constantly expanding scientific substantiation pointing to their advantageous effects on human health. As a consequence they have been applied as various products with the food industry having been very active in studying and promoting them.
Within this market the probiotics have been included in an assortment of products, mainly fermented dairy foods. In light of this enduring trend and regardless of the strong scientific substantiation associating these microorganisms to a range of health benefits, advance research is needed in order to establish them and evaluate their safety as well as their nutritional aspects. The purpose of this paper is to review the current credentials on the concept and the probable favorable properties of probiotic and role of probiotics in the disease management.
KEYWORDS: Immunity, gastrointestinal illness, intestinal microbial.